News 2008


Africa Forum peace mission to the Republic of Kenya

12. February 2008

(Ed. Note: And what came out of it? - NOTHING!)


1. On 27 December 2008, the Republic of Kenya held what by all account was a historic and peaceful presidential, parliamentary and civic election. The electorates turned out in unprecedented large numbers to cast their ballots. Soon after the announcement of the Presidential election results by the Electoral Commission of Kenya (ECK) on 30 December 2007, the country was engulfed in violence, which resulted in the loss of lives, destruction of properties and displacement of people. The violence was exacerbated by hate campaigns, which inflamed ethnic tensions, created an atmosphere of distrust, disorder and disregard for the rule of law.

2. Within the framework to support and complement national and regional efforts to end the post-elections violence in Kenya and to restore peace, the Forum for Former African Heads of State and Government and other African Leaders took the initiative to organize a peace mission to Kenya from 07 - 12 January 2008. The Mission was led by His Excellency Mr. Joaquim Alberto Chissano, former President of Mozambique and Chairman of the Africa Forum. Other Members of the Africa Forum Mission included: H.E Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda, first President of the Republic of Zambia, H.E Sir. Ketumile Masire, former President of the Republic of Botswana and H.E Mr. Benjamin William Mkapa, former President of the United Republic of Tanzania. The Executive Secretariat of the Africa Forum and the United Nations Development Programme Country Office in Kenya provided Technical and logistical supports.


3. The statute of the Africa Forum provides that the core mission of the Africa Forum will be to promote and defend democratic governance on the African Continent. The Forum aims at utilizing the first-hand experience of its members to play advocacy role in promoting democratic principles and values in Africa. The Forum gives special attention and focuses its energies on the promotion of peace, security and stability on the continent, critical to the implementation of the broad objectives of the African Union (AU) and its New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) initiative at national, sub-regional and regional levels.

4. Additionally, the basic document of the Forum also provides that the Forum shall use the experience, knowledge, expertise, moral authority and good offices of the former African Heads of State and other African Leaders to prevent conflict, to protect human and people’s right, respect of the rule of low, to promote better governance and to the advancement of social and economic development of the continent.

5. Against this background, a 2nd Session of the General Assembly of the Forum held in Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa in October 2006 established four (4) Committees and two (2) working groups. The Committees include a Committee on Conflict Prevention and Resolution and a Committee on Democracy, Elections and Human Rights. The mandate of the Africa Forum to Kenya is therefore based on the solemn Declaration establishing the Forum and its statutes.