News 2008


As criminals take advantage of postelection violence, Kenyans turn vigilante

By Katharine Houreld


11. Feb. 2008

KISUMU, Kenya - Children clustered around the charred body, its features melted into an unrecognizable black mask. The man, accused of being a thief, was the fourth person to be burned alive this month in this western Kenyan city.

Residents say they are carrying out their own punishments against criminals because police have been too busy coping with Kenya's postelection chaos to prevent theft and looting.

"People are taking advantages of the skirmishes and stealing from other people," said Dorothy Atieno, a primary school teacher, as she stared at the corpse in Kisumu. "This is an example to them."

A rise in crime and vigilante attacks has been part of Kenya's overall descent into lawlessness since a disputed Dec. 27 presidential election. Rival ethnic groups have turned on each other in a cycle of revenge attacks, police have clashed with opposition protesters, and homes and businesses across the country have been torched. At least 1,000 people have died and hundreds of thousands of have been chased to refugee camps.

The violence had devastated the economy, scaring off tourists who bring billions in revenue and forcing hotels and other businesses to fire employees.

Although there are hopes for a breakthrough agreement in talks between President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga, it may take longer to repair a society undermined by shredded respect for police and political leaders.

On one recent day in Kisumu, several hundred youths, some armed with machetes and stones, taunted police loading a corpse into the back of a van another victim of vigilante attacks.

"We call the police and they don't come. When we kill them (criminals), that's when they come," said resident Dorothy Sijenyi as she watched the scene.

Vigilante attacks are not new in Kisumu, a city of 504,000 people, but the health official said he was alarmed by the recent spate of assaults. Usually, he said, there is about one attack a month on an alleged thief.

Kisumu, an opposition stronghold, suffered some of the worst violence after Kibaki was announced as the winner of an election that foreign and domestic observers agree was deeply flawed.

Almost every member of Kibaki's Kikuyu tribe fled the city as people from rival ethnic groups took the streets. No Kikuyu-owned shop or business remains open all have been smashed, looted and burned. They have been stripped even of their corrugated iron roofs.

Now that the town has been emptied of Kikuyus, gangs are looking for new targets, residents say.

Haroun Wandalo said young men armed with machetes have demanded to search his house three times in the past weeks even though he belongs to an ethnic groups that voted for the opposition.

"Initially it was about Kikuyus. Now looking for Kikuyus is just an excuse to loot your property," said Haroun Wandalo.

Now, the mild-mannered, bespectacled cafe owner guards his house with a machete and his neighborhood has set up its own watch system.

National police spokesman Eric Kiraithe denied that police have been slow to respond to crime, saying officers have been ordered to patrol more frequently and answer complaints faster.

But he acknowledged there was a surge in crime in January, with more break-ins recorded that month than for all of 2007 and the rape rate rocketing to its highest level in six years.

Kiraithe said he could not confirm the vigilante attacks in Kisumu, though he said police were investigating many unexplained murders.

In the town of Limuru, about 12 miles from Nairobi, two men were lynched Wednesday for trying to tell women how to dress, he said. One died and the other was saved by police. The next day, a suspected thief was killed in the town of Naivasha on the outskirts of the capital, he said.

In Eldoret, a town near Kisumu, Joel Kirorei supervised the reconstruction of his hotel after it was burned to the ground in the postelection violence.

"Most of these youths are unemployed," he said. "They have nothing to do and now they are used to free things."